|Temple of Portunus
When Rome was founded in the 8th century B.C.E., the Etruscans were still the most dominant culture on the peninsula, based out of Tuscany to the north. Before long the Greeks would begin to establish colonies to the south in Nea Polis (Naples) and on Sicily. The Romans were influenced by both cultures yet established themselves as unique. One way the Romans distinguished themselves was in their early temple architecture. We'll take the well preserved 1st century example of the Temple of Portunus on the Tiber river to illustrate this point.
|Temple of Portunus plan
|Tetrastyle façade, Ionic order
Does New Technology Lead to Revolution or Revolution to New Technology?
Our initial assignment was to write a short essay considering whether the discovery of a new technology leads to the creation of new forms or conversely whether the desire to express something in a different way leads to the invention of a new medium. Below was my response:
I would venture that the modern Western perspective of the role technology in architecture and culture is fundamentally different than that of the Ancient Romans.
|Illinois Institute of Technology
S.R. Crown Hall
1st century B.C.E.
Contributed by Patrick Webb